I would argue that Madison also "switched sides" partially because he saw the political reality that the Federalist Party would fail in his goals to protect the Constitution. Madison began his career as a republican idealist who "continually had to make concessions," and ended it a shrewd politician who knew when to jump the sinking party boat. However, Madison did not make the switch for political gain. He fought long and hard as a Constitutional Federalist, co-authoring the Federalist Papers, to ratify the Constitution and was determined that the document he supported was the document that guided the American nation. He did not want a British monarchial style government that Wood says the Federalists supported, but rather wanted the true republican nation outlined in the Constitution. The reason Madison is not as well known is because he didn't author the Declaration of Independence, fight a war against slavery, or help lead the Civil Rights Movement. Therefore, he is not one of the people drilled into students' heads during elementary school. Madison's two views are reconcilable when one looks at him through his federalist standpoint before he was a party member – he very much wanted a republican form of government and did not see the Federalist position on a strong executive branch as being an effective way to achieve this.
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